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To care for a Philodendron Mayoi, you’ll have to ensure conditions that are similar to the native environment of Brazil. The tropical conditions are best replicated by placing your plant in well-draining, nutrient-rich soil, about 60% humidity, and a temperature of above 55℉. Water every seven to 10 days and feed your Philodendron Mayoi liquid fertilizer bi-weekly for optimal growth.
The Philodendron Angustisectum group, colloquially known as the cut-leaved Philodendron, tends to look quite similar to Monstera. The untrained eye could quickly get these beauties confused.
The gorgeous palm-like foliage is one of the more rare and unique Philodendrons to come out of the tropical jungle. Caring for Philodendrons is a quite an easy task (especially once you know what they need).
That said, you’ll need to know a few things to make sure that your plant thrives. Keep reading to learn everything you need to know about the Philodendron Mayoi and how to keep it from dying on you.
The Philodendron Mayoi was named after a botanist to honor Dr. Simon Mayo. The adult Mayoi is much different from most Philodendron varieties. Its unusual foliage makes it a unique addition to the Philodendron family.
The best way to identify a Philodendron Mayoi is through the foliage and petioles. The fronds are similar to a palm tree but are cut a little further away from the central vein.
A Philodendron Mayoi mature plant will have long leaves (bigger than your hand) and can have a thick being running through the center. The leaves are known as cut leaves or split leaves because of the way they fan out.
At first glance, a Philodendron Mayoi juvenile plant will look very much like a Philodendron verrucosum. The leaves are still intact until it reaches a certain age when they’ll begin to split.
The Philodendron Mayoi is a climbing or vining plant. It will put out aerial roots that you can easily tuck away into a moss pole or along a tree (if outside).
The plant will do better if staked up as it tends to climb up trees in its natural habitat. Leaves and fronds that trail down will most likely become straggly and leggy.
The Philodendron Mayoi will thrive in well-draining, nutrient-rich soil. Good soil is easily achievable when you buy a pre-made premium soil mix, or you can go the extra mile and create a DIY soil mix.
A good Philodendron soil will consist of various elements to allow drainage to retain nutrients and water. You can add a chunky Aroid mix with perlite, compost, and peat moss.
This aroid soil mix ratio (2:1:1) should allow excess water to escape after 30 seconds to one minute.
If you’ve made your DIY mix and notice that water releases too quickly from the bottom, you may have too many air pockets in the soil.
Amend the soil by adding some more peat moss and soil. Since peat moss retains water, this will make sure that your soil is consistently moist.
Another option for most tropical plant lovers is LECA clay pebbles. Sometimes, soil mixes can become quite messy and taxing to maintain.
LECA is a superb inorganic substrate that holds moisture and retains nutrients from fertilizer while allowing enough air through the substrate.
Unlike some more demanding Philodendrons, the Philodendron Mayoi will do relatively well without being constantly being moist.
You can allow it to dry out in between watering’s. A good rule of thumb is to water it once a week or every 10 to 14 days in more lenient conditions.
If you’re accustomed to overwatering your plants, there are various ways to ensure that you’re only watering them once the soil requires it.
The finger check method is the most straightforward and most affordable as all you’ll need to do is place your finger into the top two inches of soil.
It’s best to do this once the topsoil layer seems dried out. Wiggle your finger gently into the substrate. If your finger feels damp (or soil particles stick to your finger), you’re most likely in the clear.
Dry soil will not stick to your fingers, and you’ll immediately know that it requires some extra watering. You can decide if you’d like to try top-watering or bottom-watering.
The top-watering method is as it sounds. Grab a watering can and add some water slowly into the soil. Allow it to soak in and run out before adding more not to overwater.
The bottom-watering method requires you to add the pot into a bigger pot or tray and add the water directly into the tray. The soil will absorb water as is needed, and after a couple of minutes, you’ll notice the top of the soil becoming moist.
Bottom watering is slightly better for overwaters (although terrible for those with little patience).
It allows the plant only to soak up what it needs. The only downfall is that calcium and salt particles may compound on the top of the soil, leaving a whitish residue.
You can wash this away by leaving your plant out in the rain or giving it a good shower.
Top tip: Use a soil moisture meter (hygrometer) to check the moisture levels in the soil. Dip the prongs into the soil around the pot for a more accurate reading.
As with most tropical plants, the Philodendron Mayoi needs lots of bright indirect light. Indirect light is the preferred kind of light, especially if filtered through a window or other plants.
A north or east-facing window will allow enough natural light to sustain the big green leaves. It can stand direct sunlight for a few hours a day but must be hardened off and acclimatized to the direct rays.
Too much direct light will cause the leaves to burn. Sunburn can present as a grayish, matte look across the leaves, tiny brown holes, or dry and crisp edges. The best way to avoid this is by placing your plant somewhere with tons of bright indirect light.
If you’re struggling to find a suitable location for it, you can invest in a grow light. Check the voltage and the instructions to ensure that the light is not too close to the plant (as grow lights burn plants too).
The right temperature is essential in keeping a plant from dying on you. The Philodendron Mayoi needs to remain in warm temperatures. Anything above 55℉ will keep your plant happy and healthy.
The temperature is easily identified through a regular digital thermometer. You can steady the temperature surrounding the plant by avoiding any drafts and winds.
Ensure that your plant is located in an area where the temperature won’t drop too much (especially during the night-time).
Some plant parents prefer to keep their new propagations or cuttings on a heating mat until they develop enough roots and are stable enough to manage dynamic temperatures.
Although, this is only recommended when you can easily monitor and maintain the surrounding temperatures.
The humidity surrounding your Philodendron Mayoi needs to remain somewhat steady as well. Around 60% humidity is a good measure for most tropical plants. The moisture in the air will keep your plant from drying out quickly.
Humidity also helps you to avoid watering your plants too often. You can measure your humidity in the plant area by using a humidity meter, especially if you’re in a location that tends to get relatively dry.
If you’re struggling with humidity, you can quickly increase the moisture in the air by adding a pebble tray or humidifier.
A small humidifier is a quick and simple fix, simply add it to the room and let it work. Most people avoid this when they’ve got wooden furniture, as the moisture may sink into the furniture and spoil them.
A pebble tray is excellent for increasing the humidity in a specific space. Place a larger tray underneath the current tray.
Fill it with pebbles and an inch or two of water. The water will evaporate into the air creating a microclimate for your Philodendron Mayoi.
Top Tip: A hygrometer comes in handy when keeping track of your humidity too.
The best fertilizer for Aroids and Philodendrons is usually a liquid fertilizer with equal parts nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. A 10:10:10 NPK ratio bi-monthly will do wonders for your plants.
Most experienced plant parents recommend liquid fertilizer because it’s a lot easier to gauge just how much fertilizer your plant needs to thrive. Keep in mind that too much fertilizer will burn your plants.
When using fertilizer for the first time, it’s best to dilute it and water it down to half its strength.
This will help avoid chemical burns. Keep an eye on your Philodendron Mayoi to see just how much more fertilizer to add.
Yes. Your Philodendron Mayoi will do a lot better after being fertilized. If you don’t have any fertilizer on hand, your plant will still survive without it, although it may not flourish as best.
Be sure to add a rich compost and soil mix. You can also add teabag remnants or extra compost occasionally.
Repotting your Philodendron Mayoi should only be done once the roots have started protruding out of the bottom of the pot. Or when you’ve noticed smaller leaves than the plant usually puts out.
A root-bound plant will naturally produce smaller or disfigured leaves. Repotting is best done during the shoulder seasons and in the evening.
To repot your Philodendron Mayoi, you’ll need a clean pot, some new soil, and of course – your plant.
Remember to be quite gentle with the root ball when removing the plant from the pot and be sure to cover all of the roots after repotting.
Prune any dead matter or unsightly foliage and allow it to acclimate to its new pot in a darker area than usual.
Too much sun, at this stage, will cause the plant to deplete all of its nutrients too quickly, and it will result in transplant shock.
While most plants can sometimes come back from shock (with enough TLC), it’s best to avoid it as you could end up losing all your leaves before it bounces back.
A bit of fertilizer or kelp solution will help feed the roots enough minerals and nutrients to combat any stress.
It’s best to prune your plant regularly (at least every shoulder season). This might allow fuller growth and redirect all the nutrients into healthy growth.
Be sure to prune at the base of dead matter and cut off any plant’s brown tips. This will spruce up any of your Philodendrons.
When pruning, it’s best to use clean, sharp pruning shears for best results. Be sure to sterilize the blades before and after pruning to avoid transporting any pests or infections from one plant to another.
Top Tip: Do not prune off too much all at once. Sometimes, this can cause shock to the plant significantly if healthy leaves have been cut off to tidy up the plant.
The best method for propagation is to put Philodendron cuttings in soil after they have grown a reasonable number of roots in water. First, keep the new cuttings in a shaded area, as they may not be strong enough to deal with too much light.
Cut the leaves off at nodes (where roots seem to appear). Aerial roots are great for propagating, although they may take longer if placed directly in soil at first. So, the best chance at successful propagations is to put them in water first.
Top Tip: Don’t throw away any healthy foliage after pruning. Use these to propagate new Philodendron Mayoi babies.
As with all of our favorite things, they tend to develop problems every once in a while. As far as your Philodendron Mayoi goes, this could be in the form of bacterial infections, overwatering, or even pests.
Keep reading to learn how to prevent or treat any of these common problems.
Yellowing leaves are a clear sign of distress. It does not always have to lead to the death of your favorite Philodendron.
Although, in extreme issues, this may be the case. Discolored leaves are usually caused by overwatering, root rot, or over-potting.
Overwatering usually occurs when the pot doesn’t have proper drainage holes, or you’ve given your plant more water than it needs.
The best way to fix this is by pruning the yellow leaves and either repotting the plant or allowing it to dry out between waterings.
Overwatering and stagnant water at the bottom of the pot can also lead to root rot. The yellow leaves are usually the first telltale sign of overwatering.
Although sometimes you may be able to spot it sooner if there’s a layer of green algae along the top line of soil.
Plant parents can quickly treat this by washing out the roots. Remove the plant from the pot and run it under a stream of water to wash away any dead roots. You can also repot the plant if there is significant root loss.
Overpotting is a common mistake made among beginner plant parents. Thinking that the plant will survive in a larger pot with more space to grow is quite easily one of the first causes of mortality in plants.
Too much soil will clog up the sand with excess water. The plant needs just enough space to develop new roots and put out new growth.
Most plant parents tend to prune yellowing leaves and cut off any brown tips off the plant. While this helps the aesthetics and makes your plant look healthier, it does your plant a disservice not to address the primary cause.
Old, brown leaves dropping off the plant are pretty standard. If the leaves are yellowing and falling off the plant, you may have an issue with humidity or over-watering. Sometimes, the plant will drop leaves if it is not getting enough water.
So, be sure to keep track of your watering schedule to distinguish one issue from another. If you’re struggling to steady your plant in its environment, try to prune it back just a little bit and provide it with fertilizer to kickstart growth.
A Philodendron Mayoi that does not get enough sunlight will likely become leggy. This means that you’ll have long stems with leaves at the tips of the branch.
The plant grows this way to send all of its energy to healthy leaves and ensures that it is getting enough light.
If the room is darker, you can use a grow light or move the plant to a brighter location.
Pests are pretty common on tropical plants, but there are ways for plant parents to avoid devastating infestations.
A pruning or watering session is a great time to keep track of anything living within your beautiful green leaves.
In most cases, you’ll spot the little critters before it causes too much damage. In this case, early detection is vital. Spray the leaves with a DIY pesticide solution or use neem oil for an easy organic fix.
You can also wipe the leaves off regularly to avoid dust build-up and stop your plant from becoming a breeding ground for pests like spider mites, thrips, and mealybugs.
Here are some of the best products to help you provide the best care for your Philodendron Mayoi:
- Pruning Shears
- Sphagnum Peat Moss
- Orchid Bark
- Liquid Fertilizer
- Organic Potting Soil
- Neem Oil Organic Pesticide
- Soil Moisture Meter
- Grow Lights
- A humidifier
Have I missed one or two of your questions in the section above? In the section below, we’ll touch on different kinds of Philodendrons as well as some of the other frequently asked questions about Philodendron Mayoi.
While these two varieties may look similar, they have a couple of slight differences that will help you distinguish one from the other.
The Xanadu is an upright plant that doesn’t creep or vine, whereas the Mayoi is a definite climber and viner. Xanadu has a C-shaped petiole, whereas Mayoi does not.
The Philodendron Mayoi usually has a reddish petiole, while the Radiatum is green. Both of these varieties’ leaves look pretty similar, especially when juvenile.
However, the telltale difference is the central vein running through the center, and the leaf splits off.
The Radiatum has a thicker vein, and the leaves split off a little further away from the center. The Mayoi has a thinner stem, and the leaf splits near the center.
Usually, the more unusual or unpopular plants are given multiple names with Philodendron varieties.
The Philodendron Tahiti is up for debate as some people consider this a pseudonym for Philodendron Mayoi.
Since not much else is known about the Philodendron Tahiti, there’s virtually no evidence to suggest that these are two different plants as yet.
The Philodendron Mayoi is one of the rarer Philodendrons. The scarcity of this plant is due mainly to the fact that it hasn’t been too popular for too long.
You may have difficulty adding this beauty to your collection because of how rare this plant is. It’s most likely not going to be available at your leading retail nurseries.
Your best bet would be to scour places like Etsy or rare plant shops online.
Be sure to contact the seller for pictures and detailed information of the cutting you’ll be receiving before making payment.
Thanks to how rare this plant is, you can expect exorbitant prices to dominate the market.
Cheaper options ranging between $36,03 and $41,56 are easily found on Etsy. Although, these are not as reputable as your leading rare plant shops. Reputable stores will charge anywhere between $60 and $120.
Philodendron Mayoi will produce flowers after it has matured. It’s best to care for your plant as best as possible and add some fertilizer when needed.
If your plant is placed in a pot that’s too small, you’ll struggle to get it to flower, so adequate space is just as important as nutrients.
Yes, the Philodendron family is known for having calcium oxalate crystals within the make-up of their leaves. These kinds of crystals are commonly found as a cause of kidney stones in humans.
While one Philodendron leaf won’t immediately give you kidney stones, it can cause vomiting and irritation.
Yes, the Philodendron Mayoi is toxic, similar to its Monstera leaf look-alike. If the crystals found in Philodendrons are consumed, it can cause gastrointestinal issues in animals.
You can expect the toxicity to cause vomiting and diarrhea.
Yes. The Philodendron Mayoi is a climber and tends to vine its way up and around whatever it is close to.
It may become rather straggly without proper lighting or a moss pole for support. A moss pole is a great addition to maintain your natural jungle vibe.
Yes. The Philodendron Mayoi is fast-growing, especially when well taken care of. For you to promote growth, the conditions have to reflect that of its natural habitat.
You may have to prune it slightly more often than a Philodendron Xanadu split-leaf Philodendron. They can grow outwards as well as upwards.
Misting is a personal preference. Most people mist their plants to increase the humidity around the microclimate around the plant.
Misting works well with smaller plants. With bigger plants and larger leaves, you’ll have to mist more often for it to have a real impact. Misting also creates a breeding ground for bacterial infections, especially if the foliage is wet for too long.
No. A leaf node will have a higher success rate than just a leaf. While the leaves serve functional purposes, they rarely develop roots after being detached from the mother plant.
On the other hand, a leaf node is a cutting with a node, which looks like a new aerial root, and a leaf.
Using this will guarantee that the cutting can recharge through photosynthesis while also maintaining enough energy to produce new roots – and hopefully, shoots.
The Philodendron Mayoi is a beautiful addition to any jungle collection. The giant palm-like fronds add instant vibrancy to any corner of your home.
With enough indirect light, a steady temperature, and medium humidity levels, this plant will thrive into a tall and beautiful plant. The rarity is just one extra reason to put this baby on your wish list.